South Sudan: 5 Things by Tom Law of the Sudan Tribune

1. Welcome to the World. On July 9, 2011 South Sudan became the youngest nation on earth, taking its place as the 193rd member of the United Nations, the 54th member of the African Union and the 209th member of FIFA. (But South Sudan is still not a member of IOC, which was why Guor ran as an independent athlete at London 2012.)

2. The Size of Texas. Before South Sudan's secession Sudan had been the largest country in Africa. Now Sudan is the third biggest. South Sudan, which is roughly the size of Texas, is a respectable 18th but has only 400km of paved roads.

3. Longest War. At the time of the 2005 peace deal that culminated in South Sudan's independence, the north-south conflict had been the longest ongoing civil war in Africa, resulting in the deaths of 1.5 to 2 million people and displacing around four million people.

4. Illiteracy. As a legacy of decades of conflict and chronic underinvestment South Sudan has some of the worst illiteracy rates in world. Less than three out of ten people are able to read and write.

5. Livestock and Livelihood. The bond between South Sudanese pastoralists and their cows is arguably incomparable with any other culture. With at least 11 million cows and 19 million goats and sheep, South Sudan has the fourth-largest herd of livestock in Africa. According to the UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) 80% of the population rely on livestock for their livelihoods.